Pneumonia: Types, Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

Pneumonia is a types of intense respiratory disease that effects the one or both of the lungs caused by microbes (bacteria), viruses, and fungi.

Pneumonia Types Symptoms Causes Treatment

Pneumonia Meaning

Pneumonia is a serious contamination of the lungs caused by various bacteria, viruses and fungi. It is a serious illness of the lungs which makes breathing difficult.

A several inflammation of the lungs in which the alveoli (tiny air sacs) are filled with fluid. This might cause a decrease in the amount of oxygen the blood can absorb from air inhaled into the lungs.

Pneumonia is usually caused by infection but may however may also be caused by radiation treatment, allergy, or irritating of the lungs tissue by breath substances. It might include part or the lungs as a whole.


The most well-known microorganisms causing pneumonia is streptococcus pneumonia.

Types of Pneumonia

The main 4 types of pneumonia are-

  • Bacterial pneumonia
  • Viral pneumonia
  • Mycoplasma pneumonia
  • Fungal pneumonia

1.Bacterial Pneumonia

Bacterial pneumonia is an infection of your lungs caused by specific microscopic organism. The most widely recognized one is streptococcus (pneumococcus), but other bacteria can cause is also. This can make it difficult for your body to get enough oxygen to your blood, which can cause cell do not work properly. It occurs in people with an existing lung disorder. It also affect old people whose immunity weakens with increasing age.

2.Viral Pneumonia

Viral Pneumonia is an infection of your lungs caused by a virus. The most-known cause is flu (influenza), however you can likewise get viral pneumonia from the common cold and other viruses.

A virus mainly target pneumocytes (a specific cell type in the alveoli) that a responsible for gaseous exchange in the lungs.

3.Mycoplasma Pneumonia

Mycoplasma pneumonia is a tiny bacterium in the class mollicutes. a human pathogen causes the diseases mycoplasma pneumonia, a type of abnormal bacterial pneumonia related to cold agglutinin diseases.

The bacteria typically cause an upper respiratory tract infection with a cough and sore throat.

Most diseases that come from mycoplasma pneumonia are mild, for this reason, doctors sometimes call them walking pneumonia.

4.Fungal Pneumonia

Fungal pneumonia is a contamination (infection) of the lungs by the fungi. It can be caused by either endemic or opportunistic fungi or a mix of both. Case mortality in fungal pneumonia can be as high as 90 percent in immunocompromised patients generally respond well to anti-fungal therapy.

Pneumonia Cause

Pneumonia happens when microbes get into your lungs and cause a disease. Many germ can cause pneumonia. The most common are viruses, bacteria fungi in the air we breath. Your body normally prevent these germ from contaminating your lungs. but sometimes these germs can overpower your immune system, even if your health is generally good.

The common cause of viral pneumonia are influenza. and a common cause of bacterial pneumonia is Streptococcus pneumoniae (pneumococcus).

Pneumonia Symptoms

The common symptoms of pneumonia are:

  • Cough
  • Fever, may be mild or high
  • Chest pain
  • Sneezing and runny nose
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Loss of appetite
  • Shortness of breath
  • Chills

Pneumonia Symptoms in a child

  • Cough pain
  • Vomiting or diarrhea
  • Fever
  • Tiredness (fatigue)
  • Loss of appetite

Pneumonia Symptoms in adult

  • Shortness of breath
  • Nausea, vomiting or diarrhea
  • Chest pain when your breath
  • Fatigue
  • Cough
  • Fever
  • Loss of appetite, low energy, and fatigue

Pneumonia Treatment

Most pneumonia can normally be treated at home with rest, anti-microbial or antibiotic (caused by a bacterial infection) and by drinking a lot of liquid, more extreme causes might require emergency clinic treatment.

Pneumonia Prevention

Pneumonia can be prevent in the many steps:

1- Vaccination:- A few kind of pneumonia can be prevent by specific vaccination. The vaccination status should be reviewed by the doctor even if you have already received a pneumonia vaccine.

2- Maintain proper hygiene :- Great cleanliness (cleaning up frequently) stopping smoking, and keeping your immune system strong by getting regular physical activity and eating heathy are alternate way of to lower your risk of getting pneumonia.

3- Avoid smoking and alcohol:- Smoking and alcohol utilization weakens the immune system makes it prone to infection. Stop this habits to maintain strong immunity and prevent yourself from any infection.

Leave a Comment