Diabetes: Symptoms, Causes, and Types

Diabetes is a metabolic disorder in which a person has high blood sugar.

What is diabetes

Diabetes mellitus is a chronic life long condition that effects your body ability to use the energy found in food.

The insulin hormone moves sugar from the blood into your cells to be stored or used foe energy. With diabetes patient, your body either doesn’t make enough insulin or can’t effectively use the insulin it does make.

In blood sugar levels are controlled by a hormone called insulin. Insulin is produced in the pancreas and it is synthesized in the pancreas within the beta cells of the islets of Langerhans.

Diabetes: Symptoms, Causes, and Types

Types of Diabetes

There are few types of diabetes

1. Diabetes Mellitus

A. Type 1 Diabetes

B. Type 2 Diabetes

2. Diabetes Insipidus

3. Gestational Diabetes

Diabetes Mellitus

1.Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus

It is known as insulin-depended or juvenile diabetes, the pancreas makes little or no insulin. The lack of insulin hormone cause an increase in glucose levels in urine and blood. People with type 1 diabetes need to take insulin every day to stay alive. Only about 5 to 10 percent of all people with diabetes have type 1 diseases.

2. Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

It is also know as non-insulin-dependent diabetes or adult-onset diabetes. In type 2 diabetes, your body does not make or use insulin well. Type 2 diabetes at any stage, even during childhood. The pancreas often continues to produce insulin, sometimes even at higher-than-normal levels, especially early in the disease. about 90 percent are type 2 diabetes patient.

Diabetes Insipidus

Diabetes insipidus is an uncommon and treatable condition where your body produce a lot of urine. Diabetes insipidus is generally brought about by an issue with how your body makes and uses antidiuretic chemical.

Gestation diabetes

This condition happens in pregnant ladies who develop high glucose levels without a past history. The condition generally settle after delivery. Gestation diabetes cause high glucose that can affect your pregnancy and your baby’s health.

Symptoms of diabetes

Diabetes side effects are brought about by rising glucose.

General Symptoms

The general symptoms of diabetes are including in following:

  • Weight loss
  • Increased thirst
  • Increased hunger
  • Extreme fatigue
  • Frequent urination
  • Blurry vision

Symptoms in men

The general symptoms of diabetes, men with diabetes such as:

  • Poor muscle strength
  • A decreased sex drive
  • Erectile dysfunction (ED)

Symptoms in women

The general symptoms of diabetes, women with diabetes such as:

  • Dry, itchy skin
  • Yeast infection
  • Urinary tract infections
  • Vaginal dryness
Various causes are related with each kind of diabetes.

What cause type 1 diabetes

Specialists don’t know precisely exact causes type 1 diabetes. For some reason, the immune system mistakenly attacks and destroys insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas.

What cause type 2 diabetes

The most widely recognized type of diabetes is caused by the combination of genetic and lifestyle factors.

What causes gestational diabetes

This type of diabetes that develops during pregnancy, is caused by the hormonal changes of pregnancy along with genetic and lifestyle factors.




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